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Energy band structure of germanium

Elemental germanium is a semiconductor with a measured indirect band gap of 0.66 eV. Using a hybrid functional as implemented in VASP 5.2, the computed value is 0.66 eV while standard density functional approaches incorrectly predict Ge to have no band gap. Other features of the band structure such as the direct gap at Γ are also well reproduced by the current level of theory, namely 0.8 eV (measured) and 0.73 eV (computed), thus demonstrating the reliability of this level of approach in predicting energy band structures. This sets the stage for using computations to modify the band structure for example by uniaxial strain to meet specific design criteria.

Energy band structure of germanium
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